What do have in common a temple of the dead in Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula and a underground city in Turkey with a South American cave that according to some contains a treasure from beyond the stars? Well apparently nothing right? Well all of these places have been hidden away for centuries and now that archaeology is pushing forward more than ever these mysterious places are coming once again to life. turkey has been the center of attention due to the many discoveries that have been made in recent years, but one of those discoveries is perhaps more important than we have imagined.
In Cappadocia, central Turkey we find one of the most important discoveries we have made in thousands of years. In 1963 what was supposed to be just another a simple home renovation in the town of Derinkuyu actually led to one of the most important discoveries in the history of Turkey. When a cave wall was opened, it revealed a passageway to an underground city that is thousands of years old, over 280 feet deep. What was the purpose of this incredible underground city? And how did the builders of Derinkuyu manage to achieve these incredible engineering features? over 15,000 ventilation shafts spread throughout the city bringing air from the surface. This ancient underground city was a baffling construction project, it is something what we today, with our technology would have a hard time recreating.
Derinkuyu is just an incredible achievement and it is really mind boggling how ancient man managed to build a underground city, this complex thousands of years ago.
The geological features of the stone from Derinkuyu is something that is very important; it is very soft. Thus, the ancient builders of Derinkuyu had to be very careful when building these underground chambers providing enough pillar strength to support the floors above; if this was not achieved, the city would have collapsed, but so far, archaeologists have not found evidence of any “cave-ins” at Derinkuyu.
But what was the purpose of this incredible ancient underground city that was able to provide shelter for 20,000 to 30,000 people? Historians believe that the purpose of the city was to protect their inhabitants from invasion around 800 B.c., but many historians do not agree with this theory, stating that it would have been a incredible engineering undertaking, too complex, just to have been utilized to protect people from invasion. Yet the “security system” of ancient Derinkuyu was simply incredible; one thousand pound rolling doors, that could have been operated by one person, and they could only be opened from inside. Each floor or level at Derinkuyu could have been locked separately.
There are so many questions regarding Derinkuyu, and most of these questions remain a mystery.Who built this gigantic underground city? What could have driven over 20,00 people to live underground? As for the who, some historians and archaeologists believe that this underground city was built by the Phrygians; other theorists state that Derinkuyu was most likely built by the Hittites; and other suggest that Derinkuyu is much much older that what historians and archaeologists believe.
The reason why thousands of people rushed underground might be related to climate change according to some theorists that have studied the underground city of Derinkuyu. Mainstream climatologists believe that their models suggest the last ice age reached its peak approximately 18,000 years ago and ended around 10,000 B.C. This theory could prove to be accurate according to many who have had time to study the history of Derinkuyu and they point toward one of the oldest religious traditions on the face of the Earth, which is the Zoroastrian religion and according to sacred texts, the great prophet Yima was instructed to build an underground refuge similar to Derinkuyu by the sky God Ahura Mazda, to protect the people from a global ice age.
So what what the actual purpose of this underground fortress? Was it to protect people from war, climate change? Or something else? Ancient Alien theorists believe Derinkuyu was built for protection, but from an aerial enemy, stating that it would be the only logical reason to hide underground; to remain unseen, stating that the complex security mechanism of Derinkuyu was put in place to prevent the underground city from being found, and it was hidden underground, where no one might suspect that over 20,000 people are hidden. The question raised by the discovery of Derinkuyu are something that historians and researchers will debate over in the future, we can only hope that one day, evidence will be found that will give us further insight into this ancient underground city.