Interbreeding Among Early Hominins

photo credit: Bryan Wright

The evolutionary tree for modern humans a bit of a mess – humans haven’t had a close relative on this planet for over 10,000 years, but there used to be several other closely related species living at the same time. Genetic analyses on bone fragments from Neanderthals and Denisovans has given us new insight into our not-so-distant evolutionary past. The results indicate that not only did Denisovans and Neanderthals interbreed with modern Homo sapiens, but they also mated with an unidentified fourth hominin group. This information was presented to evolutionary geneticists last week for a meeting of the Royal Society.

Neanderthals emerged about 200,000 years ago and remains have been found throughout Europe, stretching into central Asia. While Neanderthals weren’t as cognitively advanced as Homo sapiens who emerged around the same time, they were probably the first hominins known to wear clothing, bury dead, and form languages. It has been traditionally thought that the last common ancestor of Homo sapiens and Neanderthals existed around 400,000 years ago, though new research suggests it could have been earlier.

Denisovans are an extinct group of hominins that are part of our evolutionary lineage. Our knowledge of them comes from bone fragments found in a cave that date back about 30,000-50,000 years. Though genetic analysis had been done a couple years ago, the results weren’t really clear. New techniques have yielded much more complete genetic sequences and two new studies have released different yet related results.

There is evidence of certain populations of humans alive today getting as much as 4% of their DNA from Denisovans, though there is some debate surrounding it. Additionally, there are people with ancestries outside of Africa that could have gotten about 2% of their genomes from Neanderthals, though there is some speculation with this as well.

Right now, the identity of this fourth early human group remains a mystery. They could have come from Asia, but that has not yet been made certain. Future research will hopefully identify this unknown population and help us better understand all of the different evolutionary inputs that make us who we are.


Ancient Astronauts Theory

According to ancient alien theorists, extraterrestrials with superior knowledge of science and engineering landed on Earth thousands of years ago, sharing their expertise with early civilizations and forever changing the course of human history. But how did this concept develop, and is there any evidence to support it? Ancient alien theory grew out of the centuries-old idea that life exists on other planets, and that humans and extraterrestrials have crossed paths before. The theme of human-alien interaction was thrust into the spotlight in the 1960s, driven by a wave of UFO sightings and popular films like 2001: A Space Odyssey. The space program played no small part in this as well: If mankind could travel to other planets, why couldn’t extraterrestrials visit Earth? In 1968, the Swiss author Erich von Daniken published Chariots of the Gods?, which became an immediate bestseller. In it, he put forth his hypothesis that, thousands of years ago, space travelers from other planets visited Earth, where they taught humans about technology and influenced ancient religions. He is regarded by many as the father of ancient alien theory, also known as the ancient astronaut theory. Most ancient alien theorists, including von Daniken, point to two types of evidence to support their ideas. The first is ancient religious texts in which humans witness and interact with gods or other heavenly beings who descend from the sky-sometimes in vehicles resembling spaceships-and possess spectacular powers. The second is physical specimens such as artwork depicting alien-like figures and ancient architectural marvels like Stonehenge and the pyramids of Egypt. If aliens visited Earth in the past, could they make an appearance in the future? For ancient alien theorists, the answer is a resounding yes. They believe that, by sharing their views with the world, they can help prepare future generations for the inevitable encounter that awaits them.

World’s Oldest Pyramid Found in Crimea?

As a local TV channel reported, the finding was revealed by accident, during a test for alternative methods of finding water.

Ukrainian scientist Vitalii Goh discovered an underground unknown object, which proved to be a giant pyramid, 45 meters in height and a length of about 72 meters.

Goh said that the pyramid was built during the time of the dinosaurs.

“The Crimean pyramid” has a truncated top, like a Mayan pyramid, but its appearance is more like an Egyptian pyarmid.

“Under the foundation we found a small body, in the form of a mummy, roughly 1.3-1.4 meters in length with a crown on its head.”

It remains unknown who built the pyramid, but this unique and mysterious building could be the oldest on the planet, says Vitalii Goh.

Vitaly Gokh at the site of his discovery

To provide a quick historical overview of the location: the earliest inhabitants of the area that archaeology has found traces of were the Cimmerians, who were expelled by the Scythians (Iranians) during the 7th century BC. The remaining Cimmerians that took refuge in the mountains later became known as the Tauri.

According to other historians, the Tauri were known for their savage rituals and piracy, and were also the earliest, indigenous inhabitants of the peninsula. In the 5th century BC, Greek colonists began to settle along the Black Sea coast, among them the Dorians from Heraclea, who founded a sea port of Chersonesos outside Sevastopol.

It is near that city that one Vitalij Gokh claimed to have discovered a pyramid in 1999. 

Gokh had worked for the Soviet military for more than thirty years, before retiring to his dacha in Sevastopol. With time on hand, he decided to engage in lines of research that his career had never allowed him to do. One of these was the exploration of his new surroundings. This led him to discover… a pyramid… but not as anyone would know one.

The public were told of the “pyramids of the Crimea” in the summer of 2002, when Gokh made his claim: there were pyramids buried underneath the earth, as well as under some of the coastal waters of the Crimea – an area known to contain some submerged towns.

How had he made this discovery?

As a former engineer, he was well-acquainted with instruments using magnetic resonance, and had built a device of his own making. As the area of Sevastopol was known for its poor water supplies, he developed an instrument to search for subterranean naps of waters; the instrument performed extremely well during testing, and Gokh was ready to begin a survey of the Sevastopol area, in search of potable water.

Their fame spread; in 2002, Gokh’s group was invited by the government of Mauritania to find water in the Western Sahara. In the area of the town of Atar, the team claimed that a large supply of fresh underground water was located. This preliminary conclusion was confirmed by drilling. Under the layer of solid eruptive rock, at a depth of 240 meters, an underwater stream was indeed discovered. The value of these resources was enough to provide all necessaries in water of the region.

Before, he had refined the system so that specific type of photography could occur from the air, thus able to cover larger areas; he also adapted the system for the search of oil, gas and precious metals, finding a willing partner in the oil company Chernomornefte-gaz.

The entrance shaft to the underground pyramid

As early as the summer of 1999, his instrument had uncovered an underground anomaly on the periphery of Sevastopol: it was, as Gokh would later claim, the first pyramid. On site inspection revealed at first a rather ordinary, rocky landscape, but they then found an opening, leading down. At a depth of 9.20 meters, there was one solid slab of chalk.

 Trying to penetrate through the slab – with little success at first – Gokh and his partners in exploration succeeded to shine a lamp into the cavity: it was empty, even though from the ceiling, some quartz stalactites hung down – matched by similar ones that grew from the ground up. The team believed they had stumbled upon an old crucible, but could not find any traces of metal. They continued digging, but it was equally clear that Gokh’s group of three (both of his colleagues, Dr. Mukhudin and Dr. Taran, being engineers as well) needed more manpower; five other people were invited to join.

Soon, several limestone blocks were found. As these had regular dimensions, ca. 2.5 by 1.5 meters, it was assumed these had been man-made. Having worked over a distance of thirty meters and analyzing what they had discovered so far, one member of the team, Taran, suggested they had definitely discovered a pyramid.

 The problem was: it was underground.

By the spring of 2000, Gokh had once again improved his instrument, which now also allowed for vertical surveys. This could potentially corroborate the shape of the structure they had found. The result was that they were indeed inside a structure that had a square base, each side measuring 72 meters long: it was a pyramid. Its height was ca. 45-52 meters, its top almost at ground level.

The instrument also apparently revealed that from the top of the structure, three beams of energy emanated, at frequencies 900×109 Hz, 700×109 Hz and 500×109 Hz. Around the pyramid, a field of 10×109 Hz was noticed.

The digging also revealed signs in the surrounding layers that the pyramid had originally been open to the air, but that flooding at some point had brought in clay and other substances that one would associate with an area that became flooded.

If there is one pyramid, could there be more?

 The search area was extended. Eventually, the team concluded that on a straight line, that went from Sarych to Baia Kamyshovaia, and which runs northwest-southeast, a total of seven pyramids were present. One of these pyramids was located under water, near the city of Foros.

Finally, Gokh extended his search for the entire Crimea peninsula and concluded that there was the possibility of a total of thirty-odd pyramidal structures for the whole country. At the same time, the scans had revealed another anomaly, of an object that was not pyramidal in shape; its curious profile, turned towards the west, suggested a structure that might be quite similar to that of a Sphinx.

Spirits were high and something seemed to be moving. But as all of these pyramids seemed to be located underground, excavation would be both costly and time-consuming. The next step was thus the most difficult of all: money. Only money would allow the team to continue the excavations in such a manner that would result in the confirmation that the Crimea had at least one – if not several – pyramids.

The next step was also the problematic one. The town of Sevastopol and the National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine were not interested. Still, Gokh’s insistence resulted in some form of co-operation, which resulted in a ground survey of the area. It stated that the area had been inhabited, with signs from the 4th century BC until the first centuries AD. Such a survey did not contribute much, nor reveal anything that wasn’t already known.

But there were certain reasons why these institutions were unwilling to fund further research: as is so often the case, they boiled down to rather extra-ordinary claims made by the discoverer himself. If Gokh had merely argued that the Crimea had at least one, potentially up to thirty pyramids, it would have laid a solid foundation for further archaeological research.

Instead, Gokh added further speculation that these pyramids were part of a global system, whereby various rather high-tech regulators – the pyramids – were used to receive cosmic energy, which was modified, and then distributed across the planet. According to Gokh, the pyramids were scientific instruments, there to control and stabilize the land masses of planet Earth. Add to this the date he proposed for their construction: the system would be approximately 16,000 years old – or date from 14,000 BC.

Even Graham HancockRobert Bauval or John Anthony West only dared to posit 10,000 BC for the Sphinx – and leave any speculation about the age of the Great Pyramid up to the reader’s mental workings.

One of the diagrams produced by the team, explaining the construction.

Rather than these rather extravagant claims, the Crimean pyramids did not make it into the book for a more mundane reason: all we know for sure is that there is one vertical shaft, descending near Sevastopol, in which Gokh’s team have been doing excavations. Though they have produced some rather nice graphs as to how the entire pyramid is supposed to look, I did not see any actual scans from the instrument Gokh had developed to back the graph up.

Though I discovered two email addresses for Gokh, one was defunct; from the other I never received a reply. It was therefore possible that there was something to it, but it was still far too early to say what. Furthermore, my judgment was that even if they proved to be pyramids, they were unlikely to transform the overall pyramid debate.

Just after the completion of the manuscript, in July 2006, Gokh tried to use the interest in the Bosnian pyramid to gather interest in the Crimean pyramid, repeating that he needed money to finish his excavations. Despite needing more money, the statement said that tens of scientists from different countries were now performing an archaeological excavation of the pyramid, and that a result was expected later in the summer. Several months on, there was no information made public and Gokh’s contact details once again did not solicit a reply.

Unfortunately, Gokh not only stood by his previous rather extravagant claims, he now elaborated on them, stating that,

“the majority of scientists [that had visited the site] consider that the underground pyramids of Sevastopol confirm the guess of American scientists [that] about 65 million years ago an ancient civilization died out because of the fall of giant meteorite.”

This is something of a muddled statement: indeed, American scientists such as Luis Alvarez argued that the dinosaurs became extinct when a giant meteorite hit the Gulf of Mexico, approximately 65 million years ago. But the likes of Alvarez do not make any provisions for pyramids, or an advanced human civilization building these pyramids – let alone the Crimean pyramids being part of such a theoretical network.

Furthermore, would “real scientists” claim that these pyramids were 65 million years old? It seemed very unlikely.

Gokh did not stop there: the line along which the seven pyramid sites on the peninsula were found, runs, as mentioned, from northwest to the southeast. Gokh had now extended this line to gigantic proportions, arguing that Stonehenge was located on this line, while on the other side, he located “the pyramid of Tibet” and “sunken pyramids of Easter Island” – both rather imaginary pyramids.

Worse, he then linked both imaginary pyramids to the lost civilizations of Atlantis and Mu

Gokh obviously had hung the theory before the pyramid, and not the other way around. In good 19th century tradition to link the dimensions of the Great Pyramid with the Bible and a biblical timeline, Gokh had used an unexcavated pyramid – which might not be a pyramid at all – as “proof” of a lost, global civilization. The worst was his speculation that this pyramid, together with other, non-discovered and hence most likely non-existing pyramids, were there to “balance out” the Earth – potentially in 14000 BC – or 65 million years BC.

Not to cut any pyramid theory short without giving it a proper airing, Gokh claims that,

“astronomers already noticed that some planets radiate more energy, than receive from the Sun. The similar situation is observed also with some stars.”

According to Gokh, this was due to “torsion energy”, developed inside the centre of the Earth.

“The source of fuel for such a reactor is a physical vacuum – the torsion field of the Universe. It consists of two opposite kinds of particles: torsions and antitorsions. In a torsion reactor […] an effect of torsion and antitorsion ‘frequency acceleration’ is taking place up to such degree that they begin to merge and initiate a chain reaction.”

He continues:

“the source of a subtle feed of celestial objects is provided by a Galactic Beam, emanating from the centre of the Galaxy. Consistently passing seven cosmic belts, it synchronizes its vibration. The energy liberated as a result of such frequency reduction (braking frequency), is directed on power maintenance of celestial objects’ live ability.”

In case you wonder what this has to do with the pyramids:

“These energies come, in particular, to a nucleus of the Earth, from stars through pyramids, mixing up in a power cocktail by means of a Shamballa Crystal – a kind of a carburetor – and then are delivered to the Earth Nucleus.”

The tunnel inside the pyramid

Worse is yet to come: the claim was made that there were 144,000 pyramids on Earth, varying in size and location. The basic pyramids were grouped in twelve places on all populated continents. All pyramids were connected by power channels, to other “pyramid fields” and to the crystal nucleus of the Earth, which controlled the operation of the system.

Twelve basic groups of pyramids, control, in turn, another twelve smaller groups, or, to throw in some mathematics: 12 times 12 equals, 144 times 1000, equals 144,000. In case you are wondering, each of the 144 basic pyramids controls the operation of another 1000 pyramids.

And just like the Great Pyramid before was linked with the Bible, guess what: the 144,000 pyramids of the Earth correspond to the 144,000 Biblical Chosen Ones.

“Each of the 144,000 chosen has a pyramid of ‘his own’.”

I have not written this expose of the Crimean pyramids to make fun of Gokh’s theories or thinking. I have used it to show that Gokh is a modern-day example of “the pyramidiot”, a term used by archaeologists and Egyptologist largely to denote a profile of people who read much – too much – into a pyramid (specifically the Great Pyramid), a practice that was common in the late 19th century, and which saw, in the eyes of the Egyptologists, a resurgence in the late 20th century, specifically with the likes of Robert Bauval and co.

The “pyramidiot” is typically “an amateur”, in the best sense of the word, who believe, often rightfully so, to have made a discovery. They try to interest archaeologists, but this seldom works. Consequently, they often begin to formulate stronger claims, or theories, in the hope that some people will hear, and in a rather vain hope that archaeologists will now definitely have to take note. Then, often, archaeologists still do not engage, and a dangerous chasm is breached, in which the mind does indeed seem to spin out of control, and “the pyramidiot” is born.

Most discoverers, in whatever field, take it to “step two”: going slightly too far in their claims, thus exposing themselves as someone who is easily shot down. It is unfortunate, and unfortunately, few interested parties seem able to show forgiveness for unguarded, often one-off remarks, said in the best of interest. The best example of this is Sam Osmanagich, who may have once said that possibly the Bosnian “Pyramid of the Sun” might have been 12,000 years old.

Archaeologists entered an endless debate whether he said it, where, and used the very fact that they were debating the issue as proof that they should not direct any attention to the pyramid itself. It is typical of how the field of archaeology often spins incredible tales themselves, creates character assassinations that are as idiotic as the pyramidiots are supposed to be in their theories.

Unfortunately, in the case of Gokh, his claims were so outlandish, that the Crimean pyramids have gone largely unreported. But it seems that there is at least something there. It may even be a pyramid.

It seems, however, that no-one is willing to do even the most basic validation of that possibility.

And that is idiotic too… 



300+ Mind Expanding Documentaries

mind expanding docs

I watch a lot of documentaries. I think they are incredible tools for learning and increasing our awareness of important issues. The power of an interesting documentary is that it can open our minds to new possibilities and deepen our understanding of the world. On this list of mind expanding documentaries you will find different viewpoints, controversial opinions and even contradictory ideas. Critical thinking is recommended. I’m not a big fan of conspiracy documentaries but I do like films that challenge consensus reality and provoke us to question the everyday ideas, opinions and practices we usually take for granted.

Watching documentaries is one of my favorite methods of self-education. If I find a documentary inspiring, I usually spend more time researching the different ideas and interesting people interviewed in the film.

I hope you find these documentaries as enlightening as I did!

If you notice that a link is broken, please let me know in the comments and I’ll update it.

Thanks to Kyle Pearce & DIY Genius for this awesome list!

[1] Life In The Biosphere

Explore the wonder and interconnectedness of the biosphere through the magic of technology.

1. Home
2. How Many People Can Live on Planet Earth
3. The Magical Forest
4. Ants: Nature’s Secret Power
5. Mt. Everest: How It Was Made
6. Mariana’s Trench: The Deepest Spot On Earth
7. Natural World: The Andes
8. Shining Mountains: The Rockies
9. Grand Canyon: How It Was Made
10. The Intelligence of Plants

[2] Creativity and Design:

Learn about all the amazing things that people create with their imaginations.

1. Everything Is A Remix
2. The Creative Brain: How Insight Works
3. Blow Your Mind
4. Design: The New Business
5. PressPausePlay: Art and Creativity in the Digital Age
6. Infamy: A Graffiti Documentary
7. Influencers: How Trends and Creativity Become Contagious
8. RIP: A Remix Manifesto
9. Design: e² – Sustainable Architecture
10. The Genius Of Design

[3] The Education Industrial Complex:

The modern school where young minds are moulded into standardized citizens by the state.

1. The College Conspiracy
2. Declining by Degrees: Higher Education at Risk
3. The Forbidden Education
4. Default: The Student Loan Documentary
5. College Inc.
6. Education For A Sustainable Future
7. Networked Society: The Future of Learning
8. The Ultimate History Lesson With John Taylor Gatto
9. The Education System in Communist China
10. The War On Kids

[4] The Digital Revolution:

The Internet is now the driving force behind change and innovation in the world.

1. Download: The True Story of the Internet
2. The Age of Big Data
3. Resonance: Beings of Frequency
5. Life In A Day
6. Networked Society: On The Brink
7. Us Now: Social Media and Mass Collaboration
8. WikiRebels: The WikiLeaks Story
9. The Virtual Revolution: The Cost of Free
10. How Hackers Changed the World

[5] A New Civilization:

We are at the dawn of a new golden age of human inventiveness.

1. THRIVE: What On Earth Will It Take?
2. Zeitgeist III: Moving Forward
3. Paradise or Oblivion
4. 2012: Time For Change
5. The Crisis of Civilization
6. The Collective Evolution II
7. The Quickening: Awakening As One
8. 2012 Crossing Over: A New Beginning
9. Collapse
10. The Awakening

[6] Politics:

Explore the politics of power and control and how it affects your life.

1. Owned and Operated
2. UnGrip
3. The Power Principle
4. The True Story of Che Guevara
5. Earth Days
6. Capitalism Is The Crisis
7. WikiLeaks: The Secret Life of a Superpower
8. The Putin System
9. The War On Democracy
10. Rise Like Lions: Occupy Wall Street and the Seeds of Revolution

[7] Biographies of Genius:

The biographies of modern geniuses who pushed humanity forward.

1. Isaac Newton: The Last Magician
2. Nikola Tesla: The Greatest Mind of All Time
3. The Unlimited Energy of Nicola Tesla
4. The Missing Secrets Of Nikola Tesla
5. Richard Feynman: No Ordinary Genius
6. How Albert Einstein’s Brain Worked
7. The Extraordinary Genius of Albert Einstein
8. The Biography of Albert Einstein
9. Da Vinci: Unlocking The Genius
10. Leonardo Da Vinci: The Man Who Wanted to Know Everything

[8] War:

War is history’s oldest racket for stealing from the powerless and redistributing resources to the powerful.

1. Psywar: The Real Battlefield Is Your Mind
2. The History of World War II
3. The Secret History of 9/11
4. Robot Armies in the Future
5. The Never Ending War in Afghanistan
6. Shadow Company: Mercenaries In The Modern World
7. World War II From Space
8. Why We Fight
9. The Fog Of War
10. The Oil Factor: Behind The War On Terror

[9] Economics:

Learn about the financial system works and how people and societies are enslaved through debt.

1. The Corporation: The Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power
2. Overdose: The Next Financial Crisis
3. The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of The World
4. The One Percent
5. Quants: The Alchemists of Wall Street
6. The Last Days Of Lehman Brothers
7. The Four Horsemen
8. Inside Job: The Biggest Robbery In Human History
9. Capitalism A Love Story
10. Money and Life

[10] Digital Entrepreneurship:

Profiles of the entrepreneurs who used technology to change the world.

1. The Life Of A Young Entrepreneur
2. Profile: Google’s Larry Page and Sergey Brin
3. Profile: Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg
4. Starting-Up in America
5. The Biography of Bill Gates
6. Inside Google: The Billion Dollar Machine
7. Steve Jobs: One Last Thing
8 . Steve Jobs: The Billion Dollar Hippy
9. Elon Musk: Risk Takers
10. The Story of Twitter

[11] Sports:

Watch the inspiring stories of amazing athletes.

1. Fearless: The Jeb Corliss Story
2. Carts of Darkness
3. The Two Escobars
4. Usain Bolt: The World’s Fastest Man
5. Wayne Gretzky: The Life and Times
6. When We Were Kings
7. Mike Tyson: Beyond the Glory
8. Birdmen
9. The Legacy Of Michael Jordan
10. We Ride: The Story of Snowboarding

[12] Technology:

Find out more about the impact of exponential growth and the approaching Singularity.

1. Ray Kurzweil: The Transcendent Man
2. How Robots Will Change the World
3. Human 2.0
4. Tomorrow’s World: Life In The Future
5. Trance-Formation: The Future of Humanity
6. The Venus Project: Future By Design
7. Bionics, Transhumanism And The End Of Evolution
8. The Singularity Is Near
9. Car Technology Of The Future
10. Powering The Future: The Energy Revolution

[13] Origins of Religion:

Explore the original religious experience of mankind at the dawn of civilization.

1. Entheogen: Awakening the Divine Within
2. Manifesting the Mind: Footprints of the Shaman
3. Ancient Egypt and The Alternative Story of Mankind’s Origins
4. The Hidden Knowledge of the Supernatural
5. Re-Awaken: Open Your Heart, Expand Your Mind
6. Shamans of the Amazon
7. The Root of All Evil: The God Delusion
8. Ancient Knowledge
9. The Naked Truth
10. Before Babel: In Search of the First Language

[14] Western Religion:

The fascinating history of the three Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

1. Secret Quest: The Path of the Christian Gnostics
2. The Secret Gate of Eden
3. Forbidden Knowledge: Lost Secrets of the Bible
4. Banned From The Bible: Secrets Of The Apostles
5.  The Life of Prophet Muhammad
6. The Road To Armageddon
7. The Most Hated Family In America
8. Muhammad: The Legacy of a Prophet
9. A Complete History of God
10. Gnosis: The Untold History of the Bible

[15] Eastern Religion:

Expand your mind by also studying the entirely different religious worldviews of the East.

1. Inner Worlds, Outer Worlds
2. The Life Of The Buddha
3. The Seven Wonders of the Buddhist World
4. Mysteries of the Cosmic OM: Ancient Vedic Science
5. Where Science and Buddhism Meet
6. The Yogis of Tibet
7. Taj Mahal: Secrets To Blow Your Mind
8. Light at the Edge of the World: Tibetan Science of the Mind
9. Myths of Mankind: The Mahabharata
10. Ayurveda: The Art of Being

[16] Consciousness:

Learn about the basic unity of existence and the miracle of consciousness.

1. Athene’s Theory of Everything
2. Theory of Everything: GOD, Devils, Dimensions, Dragons & The Illusion of Reality
3. The God Within: Physics, Cosmology and Consciousness
4. 5 Gateways: The Five Key Expansions of Consciousness
5. Return to the Source: Philosophy and The Matrix
6. The Holographic Universe
7. DMT: The Spirit Molecule
8. What Is Consciousness?
9. Kymatica
10. Neuroplasticity: The Brain That Changes Itself

[17] Mysteries:

Indiana Jones-style explorations into the unsolved mysteries of the past.

1. Alchemy: Sacred Secrets Revealed
2. The Day Before Disclosure
3. The Pyramid Code
4. The Secret Design of the Egyptian Pyramids
5. Decoding the Past: Secrets of the Dollar Bill
6. The Lost Gods of Easter Island
7. Origins of the Da Vinci Code
8. Forbidden Knowledge: Ancient Medical Secrets
9. Secret Mysteries of America’s Beginnings: The New Atlantis
10. Secrets in Plain Sight

[18] Mass Culture:

Learn about how our thoughts and opinions are influenced by mass culture.

1. The Century of the Self
2. All Watched Over By Machines Of Loving Grace
3. The Power Of Nightmares
4. The Trap: What Happened To Our Dreams of Freedom
5. Starsuckers: A Culture Obsessed By Celebrity
6. Human Resources: Social Engineering in the 20th Century
7. Obey: The Death of the Liberal Class
8. Motivational Guru: The Story of Tony Robbins
9. Bob Marley: Freedom Road
10. Radiant City

[19] Corporate Media:

Discover how the mass media and advertisers channel our irrational impulses.

1. Weapons of Mass Deceptions
2. Secrets of the Superbrands
3. Orwell Rolls in his Grave
4. The Esoteric Agenda
5. Propaganda
6. The Myth of the Liberal Media: The Propaganda Model of News
7. Manufacturing Consent: Noam Chomsky and the Media
8. Symbolism in Logos: Subliminal Messages or Ancient Archetypes
9. Edward Snowden: A Truth Unveiled
10. Outfoxed: Rupert Murdoch’s War on Journalism

[20] Art and Literature:

Explore the lives of famous artists and how art opens people’s minds.

1. Lord Of The Rings: Facts Behind The Fiction
2. Cosm: Alex Gray’s Visionary Art
3. Banksy’s Exit Through The Gift Shop
4. New Art and the Young Artists Behind It
5. Salvador Dali: A Master of the Modern Era
6. How Art Made The World: More Human Than Human
7. The Day Pictures Were Born
8. Guns, Germs and Steel
9. Off-Book: Digital Age Creativity
10. This Is Modern Art

[21] Health:

Explore issues in health, how our bodies work and the incredible power of our brains.

1. The Human Brain
2. The Truth About Vitamins
3. How To Live To 101
4. America’s Obesity Epidemic
5. The War On Health
6. The Beautiful Truth
7. Food Inc.
8. The Truth About Food
9. Addicted To Pleasure: Sugar
10. The Living Matrix

[22] Drugs:

Documentaries on the effect of drugs — legal and illegal — on the body and mind.

1. The Union: The Business Behind Getting High
2. The Drugging Of Our Children
3. How Marijuana Affects Your Health
4. Making a Killing: The Untold Story of Psychotropic Drugging
5. Clearing the Smoke: The Science of Cannabis
6. LSD: The Beyond Within
7. The War on Drugs: The Prison Industrial Complex
8. Are Illegal Drugs More Dangerous Than Legal Drugs?
9. The Prescription Drug Abuse Epidemic
10. Run From The Cure: The Rick Simpson Story

[23] Environment:

Thought-provoking documentaries on the environmental movement and the growing threats to our biosphere.

1. Earthlings
2. Blue Gold: World Water Wars
3. Tapped
4. Shift: Beyond the Numbers of the Climate Crisis
5. All Things Are Connected
6. The Fight For Amazonia
7. Flow: For Love Of Water
8. Here Comes the Sun
9. The World According To Monsanto
10. The Story of Stuff

[24] Cosmos:

Expand your mind by exploring our indescribably large and beautiful Cosmos.

1. The Search for Planets Similar to Earth
2. Inside the Milky Way Galaxy
3. Cosmic Journeys : The Largest Black Holes in the Universe
4. Beyond The Big Bang
5. The Mystery of the Milky Way
6. Fractals: The Hidden Dimension
7. Into The Universe With Stephen Hawking: The Story of Everything
8. Pioneer Science: Discovering Deep Space
9. Carl Sagan’s Cosmos
10. The Strangest Things In The Universe

[25] Science:

The history of scientific discovery and how scientific instruments expand our perception.

1. The Complete History of Science
2. The Quantum Revolution
3. Secret Universe: The Hidden Life of the Cell
4. Stephen Hawking: A Brief History of Time
5. Quantum Mechanics: Fabric of the Cosmos
6. The Light Fantastic
7. DNA: The Secret of Life
8. Parallel Universes, Alternative Timelines & Multiverse
9. What Is The Higgs Boson?
10. Infinity

[26] Evolution:

The story of our evolution and the emergence of self-aware human beings.

1. The Origin of Life
2. Homo Sapiens: The Birth of Humanity
3. Beyond Me
4. The Global Brain
5. Metanoia: A New Vision of Nature
6. Birth Of A New Humanity
7. Samsara
8. Ape Man: Adventures in Human Evolution
9. The Incredible Human Journey
10. The Human Family Tree

[27] Psychology and The Brain:

New research is shining a spotlight on how we can improve our brains.

1. How Smart Can We Get?
2. The Science of Lust
3. The Secret You
4. What Are Dreams?
5. A Virus Called Fear
6. Beyond Thought (Awareness Itself)
7. The Human Brain
8. Superconscious Mind: How To Double Your Brain’s Performance
9. How Does Your Memory Work?
10. Secrets of the Mind

[28] Modern History:

The story of the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution and the rise of the modern world.

1. The Entrepreneurs Who Built America
2. History of the World in Two Hours
3. The Industrial Revolution
4. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich
5. The Adventure of the English Language
6. The French Revolution
7. Big Sugar
8. The Spanish Inquisition
9. The American Revolution
10. The Mexican American War

[29] Pre-Modern History:

The story of the Americas and European history in the pre-modern world.

1. America Before Columbus
2. The Dark Ages
3. Socrates, Aristotle and Plato
4. The Medici: The Most Influencial Family In The World
5. Rome: The Rise And Fall Of An Empire
6. History of Britain: The Myth of the Anglo-Saxon Invasion
7.  A History of Celtic Britain
8. The Crusades: Victory and Defeat
9. The Vikings: Voyage To America
10. Copernicus and the Scientific Revolution

[30] Current Events:

Become more informed about current events that are shaping the world.

1. Syria: The Reckoning
2. Empire: Putin’s Russia
3. The New Arms Race
4. The Killing of Yasser Arafat
5. Egypt In Crisis
6. Inside Obama’s Presidency
7. The Untouchables: How Obama Protected Wall Street
8. Behind The Rhetoric: The Real Iran
9. A History of the Middle East since WWII
10. Climate Wars

[31] Ancient Civilizations:

Fascination explorations into the ancient civilizations of our past.

1. When God Was a Girl: When Goddesses Ruled The Heavens and Earth
2. The Persian Empire : Most Mysterious Civilization in the Ancient World
3. What The Ancients Did For Us
4. What the Ancients Knew
5. Egypt: Beyond the Pyramids
6. Secrets of the Ancient Empires
7. Constellations & Ancient Civilizations
8. Graham Hancock’s Quest For The Lost Civilization
9. Atlantis: The Lost Continent
10. Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

I hope you enjoy watching some of these mind expanding documentaries! If you have a personal favorite, please share it with everyone in the comments.

Atlantis was on Mars & ancient egypt traded with them ? (Pics + Videos)

Swiss scientists say they can prove beyond a doubt that the Lost City of Atlantis was on Mars, and its astronauts traded with ancient Egypt for a significant period of time!

Even more incredible, they claim to have the evidence to show that the legendary King Tut died spectacularly in a space shuttle crash with an alien crew.

“The Martian Civilization destroyed itself or was destroyed by a meteor while Egypt was still in its prime,” Dr. Stephan Weisz told a gathering of reporters and scientists in Bern, Switzerland.

But the inhabitants left their mark both on Earth and Mars. Top secret photographs taken by America’s Martian probes clearly show the remains of temples on the surface of the planet.

“Egypt’s pyramids and the ability to mummify the human body are definitely the result of technologies that originated not on Earth but someplace else, in this case Mars. It is our belief that the Atlantans traded these technologies to the Egyptians for gold.”

Dr. Weisz and a colleague, Egyptologist Conrad Vetsch, said that a recently deciphered Egyptian scroll first led them to believe that Atlantis was located on Mars. The scroll describes a technologically advanced civilization existing beyond our own planet “in the vast, black ocean of space.”

It also alludes to space travel and the use of a shuttle craft to ferry manlike extraterrestrials from a space-bound mother ship to the surface of Earth.

“Researchers have long known that the Egyptians were exposed to flight because an elaborate model of what they called a glider was found in Tut’s tomb,” Dr. Weisz told the group.

Not everyone attending the conference agreed with the experts’ theories. Dr. Seth Rausch, a German historian, thinks they went too far in calling the Martian civilization Atlantis.

“I don’t doubt that the Egyptians were in contact with extraterrestrials,” said the expert. “But until we actually inspect the ruins on Mars, there is no way to know if they are the remains of Atlantis.”

“In my opinion, if Atlantis did exist, it existed here on Earth.”

Norwegian astronomer Elling Gade agreed. “Atlantis might have been the colony of an alien civilization. But it most definitely was located on this planet,” he said.

How come none of these scientists were surprised about temples on Mars? How come these scientists seemed to know of scripts that possibly prove the inter action of ancient Egypt and aliens?

What else is it that the scientific elite are aware of, that we are not? Why is it that they think our history, and things that may determine who we are, are none of our concern? Or, is it just that they think the more secrets they have, the more important they are?

300 Million Year Old Machinery Found In Russia

The Voice of Russia and other Russian sources are reporting that a 300 million year old piece of aluminum machinery has been found in Vladivostok. Experts say a gear rail appears to be manufactured, and not the result of natural forces.

According to Yulia Zamanskaya, when a resident of Vladivostok was lighting the fire during a cold winter evening, he found a rail-shaped metal device which was pressed in one of the pieces of coal that the man used to heat his home. Mesmerized by his discovery, the responsible citizen decided to seek help from the scientists of Primorye region.

After the metal object was studied by the leading experts, the man was shocked to learn about the assumed age of his discovery. The metal artefact was supposedly 300 million years old, and the scientists suggested that it was not created by nature, but was rather manufactured by someone.

The question of who might have made an aluminum gear in the dawn of time remains unanswered.

The find was very much like a toothed metal rail, created artificially. It was like parts which are often used in microscopes, various technical and electronic devices.

Nowadays, finding a strange artifact in coal is a relatively frequent occurrence. The first discovery of this sort was made in 1851 when the workers in one of the Massachusetts mines extracted a zinc silver-incrusted vase from a block of coal, which dated all the way back to the Cambrian era, which was approximately 500 million years ago.

Sixty one years later, American scientists from Oklahoma discovered an iron pot which was pressed into a piece of coal aged 312 million years old.

Then, in 1974, an aluminum assembly part of unknown origin, was found in a sandstone quarry in Romania.

Reminiscent of a hammer or a support leg of a spacecraft, the piece dated back to the Jurassic era, and could not have been manufactured by a human.

All of these discoveries not only puzzled the experts but also undermined the most fundamental doctrines of modern science.

Another question that interests Russian scientists is whether the aluminum alloy is of Earthly origin. It is known from the study of meteorites that there exists extra-terrestrial aluminum-26 which subsequently breaks down to magnesium-26.

The presence of 2 percent of magnesium in the alloy might well point to the alien origin of the aluminum artefact. It could also be evidence of some past, unknown civilization on Earth. Nonetheless, further testing is needed to confirm this hypothesis.

It is the first such finding in coal made in Russia, according to anomaly researcher and biologist Valery Brier, who took microscopic samples of the aluminum for testing. Valery Brier performed X-ray diffraction analysis of the metal.

It showed very pure aluminum with microimpurities of magnesium of only 2-4 percent. Analysis was also conducted by Senior Fellow of the St. Petersburg Institute of Nuclear Physics Igor Okunev who confirmed the age of the material according to Natalia Ostrovsky

While exploring core samples (rock samples) that were raised from a 9-meter depth during the drilling of the seabed to support the bridge on a Russian island near Cape Nazimova, strange metal alloys were discovered that were “preserved” in the prehistoric sandstone (240 million years old).

The  pieces of special alloys had an unusual composition, and were clearly not used in the drilling machinery.

Not so long ago in Russia a mechanical device was found in volcanic rock which was dated 400 million years before the current era (B.C.E)

It was found on the remote Kamchatka Peninsula, 150 miles from the village of Tigil, by archaeologists at the University of St. Petersburg, among some very strange fossils. The reliability of the finds has been certified.

According to archaeologist Yuri Golubev, the find amazed experts, as it was some kind of a machine.

Mysterious Piece Of Sophisticated Technology Could Rewrite History – Scientists Are Not Sure What They Are Dealing With – Researchers are still not sure what kind of extraordinary object they are dealing with…

This peculiar object created 5,000 years ago appears to be part of a component of an ancient unknown advanced mechanism.

In January 1936, a strange disk was unearthed at the plateau edge of North Saqqara, approximately 1.7 km north of Djoser’s Step Pyramid in Egypt

The discovery of the mysterious prehistoric artifact, that many considered as a device, was made in the so-called Mastaba of Sabu (Tomb 3111, c. 3100-3000 BC) by a famous, British Egyptologist Walter Bryan Emery (1902-1971).


Sabu was the son of Pharaoh Aneddzhiba (fifth ruler of the first dynasty of ancient Egypt) and a high official or administrator of a town or province possibly called “Star of the family of Horus”.The burial chamber had no stairway and its superstructure was completely filled with sand and stone vessels, flint knives, arrows, few copper tools and the most interesting schist bowl in fragments.

The unearthed device named the Schist Disk, is approximately 61 cm in diameter (24 inches), one cm thick, and 10.6 cm (4.2 inches) in the center.

It was manufactured by unknown an means from this very fragile and delicate material requiring very tedious carving–the production of which would confound many craftsmen even today.

Now many important questions arise.

What was the original function of the device?

Scientists do not think the object is a wheel, because the wheel appeared in Egypt 1500 BC, during the 18th Dynasty.

If the Schist Disk is in fact a wheel it would mean ancient Egyptians possessed knowledge of the wheel about 3000 BC during the time of the first dynasty! This would require Egyptologists to re-write some history books.


The Schist Disk remains an unexplained mystery. Credit: Cairo Museum


If the Schist Disk is not a wheel, nor modeled after the wheel, what is it?

Some scientists suggest that the fragile nature of such an intricately carved stone object greatly limits is practical usage and suggests a purely ornamental function, being of a religious or other such ritualistic purpose.


The disc has a complex structure. Credit: Cairo Museum

Of course, some believe that this subject served another purpose, just to be able to drive foot oil lamp.

However, critics of this theory argue that the three-blade ceremonial lamp hardly possible, because of the shape and curvature of its petals, which seems to suggest a function, not just decoration.

Did ancient Egyptians had technology far beyond the current?

There is one option that is even more challenging, namely that we are dealing with some kind of unknown advanced ancient technology. Is it possible ancient Egyptians had technology far beyond the current?

Egyptologist Cyril Aldred reached the conclusion that, independently of what the object was used for or what it represented, its design was without a doubt, a copy of a previous, much older metallic object.

Why did the ancient Egyptians bother to design an object with such a complex structure more than 5,000 years ago?


How could a culture who typically used chisels to shape rock have mastered a technique to work such a delicate material to this extraordinary level?

Why would ancient Egyptians invest the time and skills needed to create this object unless it served a very important, specific purpose?


One of the most mysterious ancient object discovered in Egypt. Credit: Cairo Museum

Obviously the Schist Disk is an object that played an important role 5,000 years ago. Egyptologists offer a number of theories trying to explain what the disc was used for, but for the moment no-one has been able explain the object’s complex structure. The Schist Disk’s futuristic design continues to baffle all who have seen it.

There is no doubt this peculiar object continues to constitute one of the most perplexing Egyptian and ancient mysteries and we are left with several unanswered questions. .

The Schist Disk is currently in the Cairo Museum.

Shocking Evidence–Lost City of Nephilim-Giants Found? Archaeologists Are Scratching Their Heads For Answers! (Stunning Photos and Videos)

[Over-sized hammer recovered from site]

Late last year, there was a discovery of biblically profound significance, and it should be pointed out that this shocking news may very well be the Nephilim of the Bible!

Archaeologists believe they may have found a lost city of giants in Ecuador’s Amazonian Jungle. Large boulders forming a pyramid, a possible sacrificial altar atop, and enormous tools that would have been too big for human use have them scratching their heads for answers.

Strangely, locals are terrified of these locations. For generations, they have been taught that guardian spirits or beings not of this world shield the area.

Amongst these tools are some that would be extremely difficult for a normal size human being to use in any practical fashion, which has led Fenton to suspect that this is one of the legendary lost cities of the giants, well known in local Ecuadorian legends about the Amazonian area.  Such places generate great fear among the members of today’s jungle tribes as they are believed to be protected either by spirit guardians or by beings not of this world.   Ancient Origins

[Boulders seen on side of Ecuador Pyramid]

Biblical Nephilim taught humans technology, and many humans at the time saw them as gods because of their superhuman stregnth, technological skills, their height, their supernatural powers, and their frightening appearance. They also became so vicious, they oftentimes killed humans, sacrificed them, ate them, and were known to even drink their blood. So an altar at the top of the pyramid would not be surprising if these were indeed ‘giants’ (Nephilim).

They also uncovered a mysterious hard bonding substance between some of the blocks. After a closer look, it appeared to be some sort of vitrified material that might have been melted using some sort of unknown advanced technology.

Yet none of what we have already discussed is really good evidence for my stating in places that this is a lost pyramid city of giant people. Yes there are legends in the area of giants, and at other sites in Ecuador remains or artefacts have been found that do seem to prove a presence of incredibly large people. What really strongly points towards this habitation having housed the same race of giants is the presence of extremely oversized hammers, or at least the stone hammerheads. Assuming these were attached to hard wood handles they would be of both incredible size and weight, making their use as tools impractical for a typical Inca or indigenous Indian, these being generally slight built people of around  five foot or so. Who on Earth would make a hammer like this as a real tool? Remember also that any work would be done in the incredible heat and humidity of the Amazon jungle, how long could anyone swing such a thing before collapsing from heat exhaustion? I have been unable to match this object to anything known in Inca archaeology, and in fact there is simply nothing like it in the Ecuadorian museum of cultural history, located in Quito, that would suggest any of the known civilizations of this region.  Earth 4 All

[Close-up of vitrified material between boulders]

Finally, bones of ‘giant’ people have been discovered in caves in the same area, as well as in other parts of Ecuador.

The investigators of the site also found what appear to be very large tools which would have been extremely difficult for a normal sized human being to use, which has led Fenton to suspect that this is one of the legendary lost cities of the giants, well known in local Ecuadorian legends about the Amazonian area.  Local legends pertain to giant humans who lived in cities that have become forgotten in the pages of history. In fact bones of giant people have been found in caves in the area – as well as in other parts of Ecuador.

Could this be more evidence of the Nephilim of the Holy Bible, and the extra-biblical historical Book of Enoch?

I find it absolutely fascinating that all over the world, more evidence is being unearthed which could very well prove the existence of fallen angels and their offspring. For those of us who already know the truth and believe in the authenticity of the Holy Bible and biblical history, this is a no-brainer. But for the unbelieving and the unrepentant, information and discoveries of this sort could prove to be useful in the establishment of their faith in God.

Ancient Origins News

Telegraph News

The below videos are provided as scientific evidence. Please remember that my views are Christian and Biblical, and I do not believe in ‘aliens’ as the world does. I believe that what the world thinks are ‘aliens’ are actually nephilim. However, these two videos are ‘timeless’ and very worth the watch!

Klaus Dona comes from the art world. As Art Exhibition Curator for the Habsburg Haus of Austria, Klaus has organized exhibitions world wide. With this background his approach to archeology is unconventional. He has traveled the world in search of unique and unexplained findings. Intrepid and unrelenting, he is on a mission to bring to the eye of the public such finds as giant bones, crystal skulls, carvings and sculptures in forms that do not fit into the contemporary view of our timeline.

We spent an afternoon with Klaus in Vienna talking at length about his process, his particularly stunning finds and why he is motivated to pursue this unusual vocation. Staunchly open minded, he refuses to retreat in the face of skepticism and doubt. Low on funding, he presses on to discover the real mysteries, going down through the centuries and excavating artifacts that science does not allow for, revealing the existence of physical proof that humanity has barely grazed the surface of our heritage here on Earth.  —The Hidden History

Klaus Dona : The Hidden History of the Human Race

This video is a 45 minute slideshow, with a personal commentary from Klaus. It’s data-rich, detailed, intensive, absorbing, and may contain more startling information about the history of the human race in one place than any other video you’ve ever seen.

The journey we embark on covers Atlantisreptilian humanoidsthe Anunnaki, ancient symbolism, ancient science, an ancient global language, and much more. This is astonishing material, which has my highest recommendation.  —The Hidden History

The Revelation Of The Pyramids

The Revelation Of The Pyramids takes an in depth look into one of the seven wonders of the world, the Great Pyramids of Egypt.

Mystery has surrounded these epic structures for centuries with theories varying from the scientific to the bizarre.

However with over thirty-seven years of in depth research taking in sites from China, Peru, Mexico and Egypt, one scientist has as at last managed first to understand and then to reveal what lies behind this greatest of archaeological mysteries: a message of paramount importance for all mankind, through time and space.

Ancient Aliens Season 01 Episode 02 The Visitors

If ancient aliens visited Earth, who were they, and where did they come from? Possible historic evidence and beliefs are examined around the world. The Dogon people possess knowledge of a galaxy they claim was given to them by a star god named Amma. The Hopi and Zuni people celebrate Kachinas, gods from the sky, whose headdresses and costumes appear to resemble modern helmets and protective clothing. Halfway around the world, Chinese legends tell of the Han leader, Huangdi, arriving on Earth on a flying, yellow dragon. Was this dragon more likely a spacecraft? Ancient astronaut theorists believe that these are far from chance encounters and that extraterrestrials not only interacted with us, but changed the course of human history.