Khajuraho Temple (India) – 1,000 years old
Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples, famous for their erotic sculpture. Both internally and externally the temples are richly carved with excellent sculptures that are frequently sensual and, at times, sexually explicit. The temples are grouped into three geographical divisions: western, eastern and southern. The Khajuraho temples are made of sandstone, they didn’t use mortar the stones were put together with mortise and tenon joints and they were held in place by gravity. This form of construction requires very precise joints. The columns and architraves were built with megaliths that weighed up to 20 tons. These temples of Khajuraho have sculptures that look very realistic and are studied even today.
The scale at which the work was undertaken is enormous. It covers twice the area of the Parthenon in Athens and is 1.5 times high, and it entailed removing 200,000 tonnes of rock. The rear wall of its excavated courtyard 276 feet (84 m) 154 feet (47 m) is 100 ft